Sunday, February 18, 2007

Israeli Policy Makes Apartheid More Likely

Sun Feb 18, 2007 at 08:38:25 AM EST

The founder of the Israeli organization, Israel Committee Against House Demolitions (ICAHD), is a guy named Jeff Halper. Along with Naim Ateek, Halper recently spoke at the National Press Club (February 12, 2007) and provided his latest analysis of the prospects for peace in Palestine. His article, The Problem With Israel, was posted at Daily Kos sa few months ago, where it received a lot of attention. It provided a unique understanding about Israel's intentions regarding a Palestinian state. These intentions are seldom what they seem to be. He called Israel's actions over the decades "muddling through" by "conflict management" rather than making any real movement toward peace. Israeli leaders talk it up, in other words, but always seem to fall short when peace is threatening. At the same time, building on the West Bank continues as if there is an intention to stay (

Halper is an Israeli and by Israel he means the Israeli government and not necessarily the Israeli people.

Halper's talk at the National Press Club was called, Israeli Policy Makes a Two-State Solution Less Likely. I'm reprinting a report I received of the event from the Council for the National Interest, which they disseminated. They sponsored the talk. I turned the title around after reading it and listening to Halper's talk (see down below), because that was really what he seemed to be saying.

Two Israeli peace activists told an audience in Washington, DC, this week that, as long as current Israeli policies continue, a real two-state solution to the Israeli-Palestinian conflict is increasingly unlikely and perhaps impossible.

The speakers were the Rev. Dr. Naim Ateek, founder and director of the Sabeel Ecumenical Liberation Theology Center in Jerusalem, and Jeff Halper, founder and coordinator of the Israeli Committee Against House Demolitions (ICAHD). Halper and Ateek spoke at the National Press Club on Monday, February 12th, 2007, at the CNI Foundation's 22nd "public hearing" to bring a much-needed debate about U.S. Middle East policy to Washington, DC.

Halper stated that his background as an anthropologist taught him to see things "from the ground up" and to "go where the field takes him," even if it means he has to occasionally admit that he is wrong. As a peace activist, Halper said he believes that while a "two-state solution" to the Israeli-Palestinian conflict is an article of faith among Israelis, Palestinians, and virtually every other party involved or interested in the conflict, activists should admit that such an outcome is no longer possible because of Israel's policy of apartheid in the territories. He said that this position has made him a pariah among American groups, such as Americans for Peace Now and the Foundation for Middle East Peace, who refuse to host him for public talks.

In short, Halper said that the two-state solution is a "political program based on wishful thinking." He said he defines the word "apartheid" the same way as Jimmy Carter does in his book "Palestine Peace Not Apartheid": a separation of populations in which one people structurally and conceptually dominates the other permanently. One difference between Israeli apartheid and that of South Africa, Halper notes, is that Israel "feels like it can finesse a bantustan [for the Palestinians] in a way that South Africa could not."

As evidence he pointed to what he calls Israel's "matrix of control" in the occupied territories. The population of the Jewish-only settlements has more than doubled since Yasser Arafat's PLO recognized Israel, and thus endorsed the two-state solution, in 1988. The wall, the military checkpoints, and Israeli "bypass roads" criss-cross the West Bank and allow settlers easy travel, while carving up the territory and preventing Palestinian freedom of movement. Halper hinted at an alternative solution to the two-state model, which he calls a "two-stage" solution, based on an economic federation of Israel/Palestine and neighboring states.

Rev. Ateek cited scripture's command to "do justice and love mercy" as a reason why he once advocated for one state in Palestine, where, he said, "Jews, Muslims, and Christians can live together democratically." Later, he said he came to see that a one-state solution "may not be fair for a Jewish state," but that "a 'Jewish state' cannot be democratic." As a Palestinian Christian, he argued that, in the same way, an Islamic state in Palestine would not be democratic for the Christian minority. A one-state solution to the conflict would represent "justice without mercy."

As long as the final outcome is based on prior UN Security Council resolutions and international law, Ateek said that he would support a two-state solution. Specifically, he said that any solution must address the current disconnect between nationality and citizenship in the conflict. For example, he argued that Palestinians who live in Israel with Israeli citizenship, like himself, are not considered part of Israeli society, just as Israeli settlers living in the West Bank do not consider themselves Palestinian. He stated that he would tell the Israeli settlers, under any future agreement, "You are welcome to become Palestinians," but that until then, they are living illegally on Palestinian land. Any arrangement that takes justice and mercy as its basis must "protect the sovereignty of both states," which includes keeping "Palestinians secure from encroachment from their more powerful neighbor."

This view of the West Bank is really different from what anyone expected. You have to wonder if Jimmy Carter will be exonerated if the Palestine Halper sees unfolding actually happens, apartheid. This is just what Carter was damned for writing about in his book, Palestine: Peace Not Apartheid.

If that reality does unfold, how would Israel face the world. Its apartheid creation would no longer be hidden from view. Such a potential development really makes you wonder if the Israeli people actually know what's going on in the West Bank. If they knew that their government is working toward a solution like South Africa's, I can't believe they would be pleased. The world clambered about South Africa's apartheid and it could happen to Israel if it continues down this path.

It also makes you wonder if Jeff Halper isn't just begging his countrymen not to go there. In the video of the conference below, he states that 70% of the Israeli people want a two state solution, that they just want the Palestinians far away from Israel behind the Wall. But that's the thing. When the government talks about a Palestinian state, it may not be the kind of state that most of the Israeli people or anyone else has in mind. Halper says it's a Bantustan that they are shooting for.

If you have the time, take in the video of Jeff Halper's talk online at this website (click Windows Media). o-State_Solution_Still_Possible

The Council for the National Interest Foundation can be found here:

by shyboy

Tags: Jeff Halper, Naim Ateek, Israel, Palestine, Apartheid, Jimmy Carter


Anonymous said...

Realistically speaking, Israel/Palestine has been a de facto "one state" since 1967 - forty years in June - under the complete control of the Israeli Jewish population. There are no viable "two state solutions" on the table at all, just various schemes modelled on either the old Apartheid "Bantustans" or the East European ghettos and neither of these options are sustainable.

Ultimately, the options for a sustainable resolution come down to ethnic cleansing or one democratic secular state for all its people despite religion or ethnicity. While the ethnic cleansing notion has grown in popularity among the Israeli Right, even if ignores the ethical and moral problems, it really isn't a practical possibility for a number of pragmatic reasons. By default, the ultimate resolution will be one state for all its people.

For more reading of diverse views of the matter, see One State Online Bibliography Project @